According to Mahabharata, the Pandavas had built the Kedarnath Temple where they pleased Lord Shiva with their penace. The temple was revived by the great Hindu philosopher, Adi Shankaracharya in the 8th century CE when he visited the place with his four disciples. Sadly, the temple was hit by the catastrophic floods of 2013, which engulfed hundreds of innocent lives.
One of the most venerated pilgrimages of the Hindus, Kedarnath Temple is located on the Garhwal Himalayan ranges and is one of the four sites constituting the Chota Char Dham pilgrimage of Northern Himalayas in India. The temple, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva, is open only for a limited period of time between the end of April (Akshaya Tritiya) and Kartik Purnima (the autumn full moon, usually November) due to extreme weather conditions. The deities (Vigrahas) of the temple, in winter, are shifted to Ukhimath where they are kept and worshipped for six months. Lord Shiva is the Kedarnath or ‘Lord of Kedar Khand.’`
Set at a height of 3584m above sea level near the pious Mandakini River, the temple is flanked by breathtaking snow-capped peaks. The temple is not directly accessible by road and one has to undertake a 14 km uphill trek from Gaurikund to reach it. Pilgrims frequently use pony and Manchan services to travel to the temple. One of the holiest shrines of Lord Shiva, the temple is believed to have been built by the Pandavas and revived by Adi Sankaracharya. Besides, it is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas and is therefore held in very high esteem by the Hindus.
As per Hindu mythology, after the Mahabharata war was over, the Pandavas in order to absolve themselves of the sin of killing their relatives embarked on a pilgrimage. Before they set off, they went to meet Lord Shankara only to find out that he was away in the Himalayas. So they traveled to the Himalayas via Haridwar. But when Lord Shankara saw the Pandavas, he went into hiding. The Pandavas were not amused and started searching for Lord Shankara. During one such wandering, Bheema came across a unique-looking buffalo which Bheema chased after with his mace. The buffalo did manage to outmaneuver Bheema but was finally hit by the mace; he then tried to hide his face in a crevice. Bheema caught hold of its tail and a tug-of-war commenced. The buffalo finally managed to wriggle free and reached Nepal leaving behind his hind parts in Kedar. The region where the hind legs fell, a JyotirLinga appeared and from its light, Lord Shankara also appeared. This way the Pandavas managed to get the Darshan of Lord Shankar and were absolved of their sins. The Lord also made the promise that from now on he will stay in the place in the form of a triangular shaped JyotirLinga and anyone who takes a Darshan of Kedarnath would be absolved of their sins and would attain piety.
Places to See around Kedarnath:-
Gandhi Sarovar: It is a small lake and the place from where Yudhisthira, the eldest of the Pandavas, made his way to heaven.
Gauri Kund: A Hindu pilgrimage site and base for treks to Kedarnath Temple, it is associated with the legends of how Ganesha came to have his elephant head.
Vasuki Tal: Located at a distance of about 8km from Kedarnath Temple and at an elevation of 3584 m, the lake is very picturesque and is surrounded by alpine mountains and offers panoramic views of the nearby Chaukhamba peaks.
Sonprayag: The holy site of Sonprayag lies on the confluence of River Basuki and River Mandakini. The place has great religious significance because there is a legend that the holy waters of the lake can help one attain “Baikunth Dham.”
Triyuginarayan: Located at a distance of about 25 from Kedarnath, this mythological venue is the place where the wedding of Lord Shiva and Parvati was solemnized. It is a short trek of 5 km from Son Prayag. An eternal flame, which is said to have been the witness to the marriage, burns in front of the temple even today.
Guptkashi: Located at an elevation of about 1,391 m, it is famous for the ancient Vishwanath Temple which is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Another important temple in the region is dedicated to Ardhanareshvara.
Chopta: Situated on the Gopeshwar Ukhimath road about 40 km from Gopeshwar at an altitude of about 2500 meters above sea level, Chopta is one of the most picturesque regions in the entire Garhwal region. It provides breathtaking views of surrounding Himalayan ranges.
Panch Kedar: Kedarnath, Madhyamaheshwar, Tungnath, Rudranath, and Kalpeshwar are the five most important temples of Lord Shiva in the Garhwal Himalayas. They are known as Panch Kedar.
How to reach Kedarnath:-
Kedarnath is well connected through road via major cities such as Chandigarh (387 km), Delhi (458 km), Nagpur (1421 km), Bangalore (2484 km) or Rishikesh (189 km). You can opt out a train journey till Haridwar, Kotdwar or Dehradun or air route too if suitable till Dehradun.
From New Delhi: Buses go to Haridwar almost every half an hour. The road takes 8 hours. Also, you can go by train, this will take 4-6 hours. From Haridwar, you can go directly to Kedarnath but it is also possible to stay there at least one day – this beautiful city is placed on Ganga. If your group is more then 5-6 persons you may think about renting a jeep. If the jeep is fast enough then you can reach Gaurikund in 9-10 hours. Please note that the road from Rishikesh to Gaurikund will be closed from 8 pm to 4 am.
Kedarnath from Haridwar: From Haridwar, everyday morning buses start to Gaurikund. Advance bookings can be made at GMOA (Garhwal Mandal owners Association) office in front of the railway station. It takes almost one full day journey to reach Gaurikund if there are no Landslides. The bus journey is very beautiful because most of the 240 km is ghat road journey with many mountains around and river Ganges following you throughout the way.
Kedarnath By Taxi or Private Car:-
If you choose to drive your own vehicle/car, make sure it has good ground clearance as there are rocks strewn all over the route. A powerful engine will make life much easier. There are two parking lots just before Gaurikund (100m, 500m before Gaurikund). Getting space for private vehicles is tough, but can be managed after polite cajoling discussions with the caretakers.
Route to Kedarnath from Rishikesh (223 Kms) :
Rishikesh – Devaprayag (70 kms) – Srinagar (35 kms) – Rudraprayag (34 kms) – Tilwara (9kms) – Agastamuni (10 kms) – Kund (15 kms) – Guptkashi (5 kms) – Phata (11 kms) – Rampur (9 kms) – SonPrayag (3 kms) – Gaurikund (5 kms) – Rambara (7 kms) – Linchauli (4 Kms) – Kedarnath (3 Kms).
The nearest airport from Kedarnath is the Jolly Grant Airport near Dehradun, about 239 km from Kedarnath. In fact, this airport is closer to Rishikesh (approx. 16 km) and takes roughly 20-30 minutes to reach Rishikesh. From there you need to book a taxi or take a bus to reach Joshimath. Kingfisher Airlines connects Dehradun airport with New Delhi through its Kingfisher Red service leaving New Delhi airport at 11:35 and 03:20 pm and reaching Dehradun at 12:30 pm and 04:20 pm respectively.
Kedarnath by Helicopter: Kedarnath can be reached very easily via Helicopter services, which operates from various places in Uttarakhand. Some of the prominent places from where you can get Helicopter to Kedarnath are Dehradun, Gauchar, Agustmuni, Phata, Sitapur.
The nearest railway stations to Kedarnath are at Rishikesh (215 km), Haridwar (241 km), Dehradun (257 km) and Kotdwar (246 km). Rishikesh is not connected by fast trains and Kotdwar has a very less number of trains. However, the Haridwar railway station, 25 km from Rishikesh is better connected with New Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Amritsar, and Howrah.
Kedarnath Distance Guide:-
Delhi to Kedarnath: 458 km
Rishikesh to Kedarnath: 223 km
Chandigarh to Kedarnath: 387 km
Nagpur to Kedarnath: 1421 km
Bangalore to Kedarnath: 2484 km
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