Tawang – The magical mountain of Arunachal Pradesh

The Tawang Monastry, overlooking the Himalayan ranges.

A sceneries destination to make your trip a picturesque one. Tawang district is situated in the western part of Arunachal Pradesh. Twang is elevated to approximately 3,048 meters (10,000 ft) above sea level.

History of Tawang

The name Tawang means ‘Chosen Horse’. Tawang was historically a part of Tibet and when the 1914 Simla Accord defined the boundary between British India and Tibet, Tawang, along with other territories, was relinquished by Tibet. Tawang was ruled by the Lhomons or Monyuls from 500 BC to 600 AD. However, China did not recognize it and the British did not take possession of Tawang, with the Tibetans continuing to collect taxes from Tawang.

During the Sino-Indian war of 1962, Tawang briefly fell under Chinese control but China withdrew its troops by the end of the war, which led Tawang to be claimed by India again. The Tawang district was formed in 1989 after it was split from the West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh.

Tawang weather

Magical Mountains. Tawang experiences summer from the month of March and lasts till June. The temperature remains comfortable between 5°C to 21°C. July and September are the months of monsoon and Tawang experiences moderate rainfall during this season.

Tawang Temperature by Months

Month Twang Temperature by Month
Jan 3
Feb 3
March 10
April 17
May 19
June 21
July 19
August 19
September 19
October 17
November 12
December 10


Best time to visit Tawang:-

The best time to visit Tawang is between March – September as we have very Moderate temperatures during this week. Also, it depends on an individual traveler to what temperature suits them the most. My suggestion here is to refer to the Tawang temperature chart to decide the best dates.


How to reach Tawang by Train, flight and Road:-

The Distance of Tawang from Different Places

  • Delhi to Tawang distance: 2300 KM
  • Lucknow to Tawang distance: 1755 KM
  • Patna to Tawang distance: 1298 KM
  • Siliguri to Tawang distance: 846 KM
  • Guwahati to Tawang distance: 510 KM


Nearest Railway station to Tawang:-

The nearest railway station from Tawang is Rangapara Railway Station, at a distance of 383 km. It is well connected to major cities and towns of North-east India. About 88 stations are directly connected to Rangapara Railway Station. Visit the Indian Railway site for the best train from your destination.

Nearest Airport to Tawang:-

Tezpur (Salonibari Airport)


Places to visit in Tawang:-

Madhuri Lake

This Lake is originally known as Shonga-tser Lake, which is one of the most popular lakes in Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh. Madhuri Lake was formed by a flash flood after an earthquake in the year 1950. This lake was named after famous Indian Actress Madhuri Dixit, after the shooting of Bollywood movie Koyla. The lake is managed by the Indian Army.


The best time to visit Madhuri Lake:-

April and October is the best time to visit Madhuri Lake as, during the rest of the year, the area is frozen.

Nuranang Waterfalls

Nuranang waterfalls are located around 40 km from Tawang town. One can take a local taxi to reach the place. The waterfall is located at a height of 6000 feet above sea level. Nuranang originates from the northern slope of Sela pass.

The locals believe that this milky white waterfall has been named after Nura, a Monpa tribal girl who probably helped an Indian soldier by supplying arms and also gave shelter to him at the time of the Indo-China war.


Pankang Teng Tso Lake

This lake was formed during an earthquake and lies in a pine forest. Trunks of dead trees can be seen emerging from the blue waters of the lake. The lake remains frozen during the winter months and thus summers are the best time to visit it.

The calm waters, colorful birds on the banks, the snow-covered Himalayas in the backdrop, the tranquil setting, and the moving clouds- all are charmers.

The area around the lake is maintained by the Indian Army. The trail leading to the lake is dotted with colorful rhododendron flowers. It is also known as Ptso Lake.

Best Time to Visit Pankang Teng Tso Lake:-

The best time to visit Pankang Teng Tso Lake is between the months of April and October.

Sela Pass

Lying at an altitude of 14000 feet above the sea level, this pass is counted amongst the high-altitude motorable passes, around the world. While driving towards Tawang, you come across Paradise Lake (or Sela Lake) that freezes in winters. Sela Pass connects Tawang Valley to the rest of the country. The pass is managed by Border Road Organization (BRO) and remains open all throughout the year. This region of eastern Himalayas is a revered one for the followers of Buddhism as the 101 lakes in and around Sela hold immense religious importance for the Buddhists.


Tawang Monastery

Tawang Monastery is one of the most popular attractions of Arunachal Pradesh. This is the second-largest monastery of India and the third-largest one in Asia. The monastery was founded in 1860-61 by Merak Lama Lodre Gyamtso as per the wishes of Nagwang Lobsang Gyatso, the 5th Dalai Lama. Tawang Monastery is not a religious center for the residents of Tawang but is also home to over 300 monks. This monastery holds 17 gompas in the region.

Tawang Monastery becomes the venue of two major religious festivals of the Monpas, every year – LOSAR and TORGYA. LOSAR festival is the celebration of the beginning of the New Year. On each third year of Torgya, the Dungyur festival is also celebrated here. All the festivals celebrated at the Tawang Monastery are marked by great enthusiasm.

The Tawang Monastery, overlooking the Himalayan ranges.

This Monastery is also famous for its architecture and old library dating back to the 16th century, which has a valuable collection of old scriptures in around 850 bundles. The entry can be from the gate Kakaling, a hut-like structure. Its walls are made up of stone and its ceilings have paintings of Kying-Khores and saints. Then there is another gate on the northern side, around 15 feet long.

Taktsang Gompa

Located at a distance of around 50 km from Tawang town, Taktsang Gompa is placed near the Sangetsar Lake and border of China.  A popular attraction of Tawang, this Gompa stands on the edge of a small hill. It is believed that Guru Padmasambhava visited this place for meditation during the 8th century. Encircled by thick coniferous forest and lofty mountains, this monastery is visited by devotees in decent numbers every year.

Tawang War Memorial

Overlooking the Tawang-Chu valley, this memorial was constructed to remember the sacrifices made by the soldiers of the Indian Army. This memorial that is placed on a slope was visited by Dalai Lama in the year 1997. Visitors can spot the names of soldiers (on granite plates), 2420 in number, who sacrificed their lives during the war at the Kameng sector. Tawang War Memorial is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Arunachal Pradesh.

Bumla Pass

The Bumla pass is one of the 5 BPM points agreed by the Indian army and the People’s Liberation Army of China. There is a hut on the Indian side where consultations and meetings between both the armies regularly to help defuse faceoffs if any. This is identified as the escape route taken by Dalai Lama, from China to India. As the roads to Bumla are snow-covered and treacherous most through the year, the ideal time to visit the place to enjoy its limitless beauty would be from May to October.


Hotel in Tawang

There are quite a lot of Hotel options in Tawang. However, we suggest that the traveler book Hotel or Hostel before reaching Tawang. For booking call us at 7093700356 / 7018385400

How to plan a trip for Tawang a detailed itinerary

Day 1: arrival, Guwahati – Nameri (5 hrs)

Day 2: Nameri – Dirang (7 hrs)

Day 3: Dirang, Sangti valley

Day 4: Dirang – Tawang (7 hrs)

Day 5: Tawang

Day 6: day trip Bum La / Zemithang

Day 7: Tawang – Bomdila (8 hrs)

Day 8: Bomdila – Itanagar (9 hrs)

Day 9: Itanagar – Ziro (6 hrs)

Day 10: Ziro

Day 11: Ziro – Majuli (8 hrs)

Day 12: Majuli

Day 13: Majuli – Kaziranga (4 hrs)

Day 14: Kaziranga safaris

Day 15: Kaziranga – Guwahati (5 hrs), departure

Note: Day 7, 8, can be reworked for places like Madhuri Lake, Selsa, Tawang Monastery.  

Feel free to call us for booking or arranging an unforgettable trip at 9910656940 or Email us at journeytoexplore9@gmail.com.